The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a familiar sight in gardens, woodlands, and urban areas across Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Understanding the nesting habits of these fascinating birds can provide insights into their ecology, reproduction, and survival. Do Blackbirds return to old nests? This article will explore the nesting behaviour of blackbirds, delving into whether they return to previously used nests and the factors that influence this behaviour.

Silhouette of a Blackbird with Nesting Materials in its Beak
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What Does a Blackbird Nest Look Like?

A blackbird’s nest usually looks like a cup-shaped structure made from a variety of materials such as grass, twigs and mud. Sometimes even small pieces of paper or plastic are used, depending on what is available in the area. The inside of the nest is usually lined with fine grasses and mud for a smooth finish.

Do Blackbirds Return to Old Nests?

If a previous nesting attempt was successful, meaning the eggs hatched and the chicks fledged, blackbirds might be more likely to return to the same nest. This is because the nest location has proven to be safe and suitable for raising their young.

Alternately, if a nest was previously unsuccessful or if a nest is infested with parasites or carries a disease, blackbirds are less likely to reuse it.

Blackbird Nesting Habits

The nesting season for blackbirds usually begins in early spring and lasts until late summer, with females typically laying three to five eggs per clutch. They prefer to build their nests in dense vegetation, offering protection from predators and the elements. Suitable nesting sites include hedges, shrubs, trees, and even buildings or other man-made structures. Nests are meticulously constructed by the female, using grass, twigs, and mud to create a cup-shaped structure lined with fine materials such as rootlets, moss, and hair. Once completed, the female incubates the eggs for approximately 13-14 days, while the male provides food and protection.

Blackbird on a Bird Table
Blackbird on a Bird Table

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nest Reuse

There are several advantages and disadvantages associated with blackbirds reusing old nests, which may influence their decision-making.


There are a couple of advantages to using an old nesting site:

Conservation of Energy and Resources

Building a new nest requires time, effort, and materials. By reusing an old nest, blackbirds can conserve energy and resources, allowing them to focus on other aspects of reproduction, such as foraging and territory defence.

Familiarity with the Nesting Site

Returning to a previously used nest means that the blackbirds are already familiar with the surrounding area. This familiarity can provide a sense of security and allow them to better anticipate potential threats such as predators or adverse weather conditions. Returning to an old nest also means that blackbirds will have an idea of where local food sources may be.


There are a few disadvantages to using an old nesting site:

Increased Risk of Parasite Infestation

Reusing a nest can result in the build-up of parasites, such as mites, lice, or fleas. These parasites can negatively impact the health of the blackbirds and their offspring, potentially reducing their chances of survival.

Accumulation of Waste

Over time, nests can accumulate waste, including faeces and decomposing materials. This build-up can create unsanitary conditions that may increase the risk of disease or infection for the birds and their young.

Attracting Predators

An established nest location can become known to predators, such as squirrels, snakes, or larger birds of prey. By returning to the same nest, blackbirds may inadvertently increase their vulnerability to predation.

Note: Blackbirds can devastate lawns in their search for grubs.

Impact of Human Activity on Blackbird Nesting

Human activities can significantly impact blackbird nesting behaviour. Habitat loss due to deforestation or urbanisation can reduce the availability of suitable nesting sites, forcing blackbirds to reuse previous nests or establish nests in less-than-ideal locations. The presence of domestic animals, particularly cats, can also pose a threat to blackbirds and their nests.

To support blackbird nesting, people can implement measures such as planting native trees and shrubs, providing birdhouses or nesting platforms, and keeping cats indoors or supervised when outdoors during the nesting season.


In conclusion, blackbirds exhibit intricate nesting behaviour, and whether they return to previously used nests depends on a range of factors. Understanding these behaviours and the pressures blackbirds face can help us appreciate the natural world and develop strategies to conserve their populations. By creating suitable habitats and minimising human-related threats, we can ensure the continued presence of these melodious birds in our gardens and woodlands for generations to come.

Facts About Blackbird Nests Infographic
Facts About Blackbird Nests Infographic

Did You Know?

“Blackbirds can recognise individual humans. Studies have shown that they can distinguish between people who pose a threat and those who don’t, modifying their behaviour accordingly. This indicates a high level of intelligence and adaptability in these birds!”

“Blackbirds are known to engage in “anting”, where they rub ants or other insects on their feathers. This peculiar activity is thought to help them remove parasites, as the insects release formic acid, which acts as a natural pesticide. Anting may also have a soothing effect on their skin or help maintain their plumage!”

Frequently Asked Questions

Do blackbirds leave their eggs unattended?

Blackbirds, like most birds, may leave their eggs unattended for brief periods to search for food or take short breaks. However, they generally remain nearby to monitor and protect the nest from potential threats, such as predators or harsh weather.

Where have the blackbirds gone from my garden?

Several factors can cause blackbirds to leave a garden, including seasonal changes, food scarcity, disturbances (e.g., construction or loud noises), or the presence of predators like cats. To encourage blackbirds to return, consider providing food sources, such as bird feeders, and creating a safe environment with native plants and sheltered nesting sites.

Do blackbirds recognise humans?

Indeed, blackbirds possess the ability to recognise individual humans. They are capable of differentiating between people who present a threat and those who do not, adjusting their behaviour in response. This skill underscores their remarkable intelligence and adaptability.

Do blackbirds return to the same garden?

Blackbirds may return to the same garden, especially if it provides a reliable food source, suitable nesting sites, and a safe environment. Familiarity with the area can offer a sense of security and increase the chances of successful breeding.

Why have my blackbirds disappeared?

Blackbirds may disappear from an area due to changes in their environment, such as reduced food availability, disturbances, or increased predator presence. Seasonal changes, such as migration or shifting feeding patterns, can also contribute to their temporary absence.

What is the lifespan of a blackbird?

The average lifespan of a blackbird is about 2-3 years, although some individuals can live up to 6 years or more. Their lifespan is influenced by various factors, including predation, disease, and environmental conditions.

Can I remove a blackbird nest UK?

In the UK, it is illegal to intentionally disturb or destroy an active blackbird nest with eggs or chicks under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. If a nest poses a genuine risk or causes significant inconvenience, it is recommended to wait until the nesting season is over and the chicks have fledged before removing the nest.


Trevor Wright is not just a seasoned horticulturist; he’s the esteemed Garden Doctor. With a BSc in Horticulture and years of hands-on experience in the soil, Trevor has become a trusted mentor for all things gardening. As the founder of Garden Doctor, he’s committed to clarifying the intricacies of gardening, offering straightforward advice that’s rooted in years of practice. His writing is a garden of how-tos, savvy insights, and comprehensive guides that enable individuals to nurture and grow their garden dreams. When he’s not knee-deep in garden beds, Trevor is at his keyboard passing on his green-thumbed wisdom to budding gardeners, ensuring that the legacy of sustainable and joyful gardening blossoms far and wide.

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